Targum Onkelos is the official eastern translation of the Hebrew Torah in Aramaic. This particular Targum is read in synagogues after the reading of the Hebrew text. In fact, there is an ancient tradition in Orthodox Judaism where the Hebrew Torah portion is read twice weekly and once weekly from the Aramaic Targum.
The Targum Onkelos is almost always published with the Chumash, which is a printed edition of the Torah containing the Five Books of Moses along with commentaries.
The Targum Onkelos is not identical to the Aramaic Peshitta Tanach. They are distinctly different. However, studying both will give the reader a background to the original Hebrew Torah.
Click here to read the Targum Onkelos in English.
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